A number of household textiles failed. Recently, the Beijing Municipal Administration of Industry and Commerce conducted quality monitoring on household textile products sold in the market. The results showed that some commodities did not meet the requirements in terms of marking, fiber content, dyeing fastness and pH value. The standard requires that individual commodities can be decomposed into carcinogenic aromatic amine dyes and the project does not meet the standard requirements.
According to reports, home textiles are also known as decorative textiles and contain a wide variety of products. For example, carpets, wall coverings, curtains, tablecloths, cushions, bedding, toiletries, etc. The reporter recently visited the market and found that household textiles are generally sold in a variety of occasions such as shopping malls, supermarkets or markets. Due to the variety of products and small volume, consumers will not go into the quality of their products at the time of purchase. In fact, the quality of home textiles is directly related to the quality of home life, and even to the safety of consumers.
According to Zhou Shixiang, director of the customer service department of the National Textile Products Quality Supervision and Inspection Center, there are two national standards for home textiles, namely GB18401-2003 "National Textile Product Basic Safety Technical Specifications" and GB5296.4-1998 Instructions for the use of textiles and clothing. Textile products need to add various dyes, auxiliaries and other finishing agents in the process of printing and dyeing and finishing. The National Textile Products Basic Safety Technical Specification puts forward basic safety requirements for textiles from formaldehyde content, pH value and color fastness. The corresponding standards can be defined in terms of decomposable aromatic amine dyes.
According to Zhou Shixiang, from the work experience of the National Textile Products Quality Supervision and Inspection Center, the pH value of household textiles, decomposable aromatic amine dyes, and color fastness are all places that are easy to exceed the standard.
If the additives added to the textile exceed the standard, it will cause harm to the human body. For example, the surface of the human skin is weakly acidic. The textile needs to be treated with strong alkali during the bleaching of the raw cotton. If the pH is unqualified, the textile directly contacting the skin may cause skin allergies. The decomposable aromatic amine dye in the process of long-term contact with the human body, its harmful components are absorbed and diffused through the pores, and then mixed with the substances released in the normal metabolic process of the human body, a reduction reaction occurs, which may cause lesions and induce malignant tumor substances.
â– Tips to clean with water first According to Zhou Shixiang, if the pH value or formaldehyde exceeds the standard, it can be removed by washing with water. By washing, some chemical additives on the textile can also be removed. Therefore, consumers buy home textiles, especially for personal products, such as bedding, underwear, etc., it is best to wash with water first.
Try to choose light colors for some additives, such as decomposable aromatic amine dyes, not only insoluble in water, but also colorless and tasteless, can not be distinguished from the appearance of textiles. Relatively speaking, dark textiles such as red and purple have the possibility of decomposing aromatic amine dyes. Consumers should try to use light-colored products if they want to be safe. If you have children in your home, it is best to be cautious. It is better to use some light pink and light blue.
Choosing well-known brands and shopping places Zhou Shixiang reminded that the manufacturers must produce according to the national standard, but do not need to send all the inspections. The supervision method for the standard implementation is the spot check by the quality supervision department and the industrial and commercial department, so some merchants in the market want to The act of illegal production. â€œWhen goods enter the market, some shopping malls will require manufacturers to provide inspection certificates to ensure product quality, and bulk cargo markets do not have such requirements. Consumers can choose reputable brands and shopping places for consumer safety.â€
It is understood that the indication information is complete. At present, the national standard for textiles also has GB5296.4-1998 "Rules for the Use of Textiles and Clothing", which stipulates the contents of the product use instructions.
Whether the product has a complete label, including product instructions (external cards), durability labels, whether the manufacturer's name, address, telephone number, product name, product type, specification, section number, composition of the raw materials, and Contents, washing methods, product standard number, product quality level, product quality inspection certificate and safety technology category must be marked.
After treatment is a technical treatment method that gives the fabric a color effect, a morphological effect (smooth, suede, stiff, etc.) and a functional effect (watertight, non-ironing, non-sticking, flame resistant, etc.). The process of improving the appearance and feel of the fabric by chemical or physical main methods, improving the wearing performance or imparting special functions is the processing process of textiles.
The after treatment method can be divided into two categories: physical/mechanical finishing and chemical finishing. According to the purpose of finishing and the different effects, it can be divided into basic finishing, appearance finishing and functional finishing.
Our after treatment products are mainly calendered, embossed and pearl paste printed fabrics.
The purpose of finishing:
1. The textile width is uniform, and the size and shape are stable. Such as heat setting.
2. Enhance the appearance of textiles: including increasing the gloss and whiteness of textiles, and enhancing or reducing the surface fluff of textiles. Such as heat setting, crinked/ creped, bubbled, mercerized.
3. Improve the feel of textiles: Chemical or mechanical methods are used to give textiles a comprehensive touch feel such as softness, smoothness, fullness, stiffness, lightness or thickness. Such as soft, stiff, weight gain and so on.
4. Improve the durability of textiles: mainly use chemical methods to prevent damage or erosion of fibers caused by sunlight, atmosphere or microorganisms, and prolong the service life of textiles. Such as anti-mite, anti-mildew finishing.
Give textiles special properties: including some protective properties or other special functions. Such as flame retardant, antibacterial, water repellent, oil repellent, anti-UV and antistatic.
Microfiber Fabric,Brushed Polyester Fabric,Brushed Knitted Fabric
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